This tree grows naturally in West Africa but also known to be cultivated in other parts of the world where the dried seeds are used as a cheap alternative to nutmeg. Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. The seed contains 5 – 9% of a colourless essential oil (Joseph, 2007). In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. The flowers of Monodora myristica look very much like those of an orchid (hence the common name of 'African orchid nutmeg'), and the fruit is a … 25 cm langen, glänzend tiefgrünen, ovalen spitzzulaufenden, an der Basis herzförmigen Blättern. We'll activate the review as soon as possible. The seeds are very rare, only occasionally available, and have a short viability. Keep the soil constantly moist, cover with plastic foil or glass and let the seeds germinate at 25-30 degC. We do not store any personal information. Ehuru (African Calabash Nutmeg) Ehuru (botanical: Monodora Myristica) is the dried seeds of a tropical tree of the same genius with the mace nutmeg. Flowers evolve into large, woody syncarp fruit that is filled with aromatic pulp. Nowadays the seeds are primarily used as a seasoning in the African kitchen. Review must be approved by an administrator before being posted. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Different tribes in Nigeria has different names for Ehu seeds. Seeds for sale starting at € 8.70. In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. Vente de graines à partir de 8.70 €. Monodora myristica is a perennial plant that belongs to the family of Annonaceae and its seeds are an aromatic spice that acts as a local nutmeg substitute. Buy Monodora myristica - Plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. The flowers are spotted red and yellow, hang from long stems and resemble the flowers of an orchid. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of thermal processing on the protein quality of Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal is a useful but neglected tropical tree of the family Annonaceae distributed in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. The calabash, African or Jamaica nutmeg (Monodora myristica Gaertn) belongs to the family Annonaceae, a tropical to subtropical plant family that is widely distributed from Africa to Asia, Central and South America, and Australia.Prominent members of this family (Ekundayo, 1989) include numerous fruit trees like the custard apple (Annona atemoya) and soursop (A. muricata). This is now less common outside its region of production. The analytical result showed the following chemical compositions: Moisture content (14.7%), protein (9.1%), oil (29.1%), food energy (458 kcal/100 g), fibre (25.9%), ash (2.3%) and acidity (8.3%). The study investigated the emergence and early seedling development of Monodora myristica in six different growth media viz: mixture of river sand/top soil, river sand/saw dust, top soil/saw dust, saw dust only, top soil only and river sand only. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. of plants, such as flowers, leaves, roots, bark, seeds, and parts of seeds (Fellows, 1997). There are no products in your shopping cart yet. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. Description: Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. Au Nigeria où Monodora myristica est principalement cultivé, la graine est appelée ehuru ou abo-lakoshe [7]. Monodora myristicais a large deciduous tree (up to 35 m) and has a wide canopy of green leaves and stunning flowers. Monodora myristica, which is popularly known as ehu seeds by the Ibos, is a tropical spice that originated from the West African continent such as Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Uganda, Liberia, Cameroon, Angola and Tanzania before being introduced to the … The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and deserts. Seeds of Monodora myristica was investigated for its antimicrobial, nutritional and phytochemical properties. Other names of calabash nutmeg include Jamaican nutmeg, African nutmeg, ehuru, ariwo, awerewa, ehiri, airama, African orchid nutmeg, muscadier de Calabash and lubushi. Monodora myristica seeds were extracted from pods and air dried under room condition. This species originates in Africa and is very rare. A medium-sized or large tree from tropical Africa known for its aromatic seeds that can be used as a substitute for nutmeg and are an ingredient for stews in Nigerian cuisine. Jamaika Muskatnuss, Jamaica Nutmeg, Calabash Nutmeg Synonyme: Annona myristica, Monodora borealis, Monodora claessensii, Monodora grandiflora immergrüner kleiner Baum bis zu 15 m mit wechselständig angeordneten, bis zu ca. Powered by Fruit and seeds Background and Objective: Monodora myristica is a perennial, edible plant, widely used in many parts of the world as a spice for local delicacies and as a part of polyherbal formulations for disease management. The peculiar flowers are spotted red and yellow, and resemble the flowers of an orchid. The temperature needs to be above 15 degC year round , and the plant needs to be sprayed with water regularly. The calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree from western Africa, and grows up to a height of 35 meters. The oil extracted was dried and some physical and chemical properties of the oil were determined. The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. Seeds are also used as a treatment for headaches. In the wild, this species is pollinated by beetles and produces large fruits filled with pulp and aromatic, brown seeds. https://www.indiamart.com/muhallifestylellp. Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, then sow them in sowing mix. The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. Seeds are roasted and used for flavoring foods. Calabash Nutmeg (Monodora myristica). It is widely distributed from Africa to Asia, Central and South America and Australia (Omobuwajo et al., 2003). Sowing description: The tree is particularly valued for its aromatic seed, which is used as a condiment, medicinally, and also to make rosaries and necklaces. Dunal seeds. Root is chewed to relieve toothaches. Grated nutmeg spice is used to flavor everything from many desserts to cream sauces, in meat rubs, eggs, over veggies as well as a dusting over morning coffee.Wild Nutmeg is a tree up to 20 m tall. Calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica Dunal) are dried seeds from a tropical forest tree found native in West Africa but also now grown in other parts of the planet. Leaves obovate- or oblong-elliptical, very shortly pointed or abruptly cuspidate, rounded obtuse or slightly cordate at the base, at length firmly membranous or subcoriaceous, 1/2–1 ft. (or sometimes nearly 2 ft.) long, 1–8 in. Monodora myristica – Calabash or Orchid Nutmeg – Buy seeds at rarepalmseeds.com. Also, 18 planting pots, which were subdivided into six groups, were used for the experiments. Ehu seeds is the spice behind the aromatic flavour and taste of some local delicacies like nkwobi, abacha, isi ewu , bangs soup, etc. Monodora myristica. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. The chemical and some technological properties of African nutmeg (Monodora myristica) seeds were investigated. 1. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Calabash Nutmeg, Jamaica Nutmeg (Monodora myristica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Root is chewed to relieve toothaches. Ehu seeds whose botanical name is Monodora Myristica is a tropical plant of West African origin. Results obtained recorded highest percentage germination (63%) in seeds sown in saw dust only. For medicinal purposes they are used as stimulants, stomachic, for headaches, sores and also as insect repellent. The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). Tropical plants / [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. The leaves are 45 cm in size, but especially the extraordinary flowers give the plant ornamental value. A total of 180 viable seeds were selected from these seeds and used for the experiments. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. 1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY. Dunal is a useful but underutilised tropical tree of the Annona- ceae or custard apple family of flowering plants which is rich in proteins. broad, on the flowering shoots usually comparatively small. The seeds of M. myristica, chewed up are applied to the forehead for headache and for migraine in Gabon and ground up for headaches, rhino-pharygitis, or loss of voice, to apply on sores, or eaten as an antiemetic aperative and tonic in Congo. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. The antimicrobial activity of Monodora myristica seed oil was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger. Arbre de taille moyenne ou grande, indigène d'Afrique tropicale, connu pour ses graines aromatiques qui peuvent être utilisées comme substitut à la noix de muscade et comme ingrédient pour les ragoûts dans la cuisine n En médecine traditionnelle centrafricaine , les graines, les racines et l'écorce sont utilisées dans le traitement de nombreuses pathologies: maux de ventre, maux de tête, maux de dents, fièvre, hypertension , diarrhée et parasites intestinaux. Language: EnglishDeutschEspañolFrançais. Iwun seeds whose botanical name is Monodora Myristica is a tropical plant of West African origin. The delivery time of this species can therefore be quite long. ... of alkyd resins from locally available materials as well as create awareness in the economic potentials of the seeds of Monodora myristica which is currently used as a cooking spice in various Nigerian societies. Which is popularly known as ehu is the spice behind the aromatic flavour and taste of some local delicacies like nkwobi, abacha, isi ewu , banga soup,afia efere,afia oto, etc. However, evidence of the antiemetic activity has not been scientifically provided. The species is in the same genus as mace and is used as an alternative being a little cheaper than its highly sought after cousin. Monodora myristica, commonly known as calabash nutmeg, ehuru, Jamaican nutmeg, nuscade de Calabash, ariwo, airama, African nutmeg and African orchid nutmeg is a tropical shrub of the Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. The seeds are used in Africa as a substitute for nutmeg, hence the name calabash nutmeg. 163, Kakrola Housing Complex Kakrola Delhi - 110078, India. This website uses cookies to measure the number of visitors. Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) It possesses an impressive range of medicinal and nutritional properties. Usually harvested from the wild, the seeds are often sold in local markets in W. Africa Copyright © 1996-2020 IndiaMART InterMESH Ltd. All rights reserved. The green round fruits are 20 cm in size and hang from stems up to 60 cm long. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. The seeds of the peculiar calabash nutmeg used to be sold as a cheap replacement of nutmeg, because the taste is very similar. Aim: To determine the anti-inflammatory potential of flavonoid rich fraction of Monodora myristica seeds. Seeds of Monodora myristica was investigated for its antimicrobial, nutritional and phytochemical properties. Alkyd resin was prepared from crude Monodora myristica oil. Plot No. The plant Monodora myristica belongs to the custard apple family of flowering plants called Annonecea. -like many spices has different names. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. Monodora junodii is a rather shrubby small tree up to 7 m tall, with smooth grey bark.. Leaves one-at-a-time (alternate or spirally arranged), drooping, roughly oblong or widest beyond the middle, up to 200 x 75 mm, shiny emerald green, hairless, stalked; margin without teeth. CCV Shop software webshop. Place and Duration: Department of Biochemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria (May–November, 2014). The species can be grown indoors, but a heated greenhouse would be ideal. This is now less common outside its region of production. The seeds are also made into necklaces. Many reports are available on the use of these plants Monodora myristica (Ehuru) and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Oshorisho) as spices and in home remedies for the treatment of human illnesses The large, pungent seeds embedded within are used like nutmeg to flavor food, or are roasted, ground, and applied to heal wounds or to the forehead to relief headaches. Tree and leaves Keep the soil constantly moist, cover with plastic foil or glass and let the seeds germinate at 25-30 degC. BACKGROUND: Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) To our knowledge, there is paucity of data on the nutritional content of M. myristica seeds from Nsukka, an urban town in Enugu State, Nigeria, with wide availability of the plant. Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, then sow them in sowing mix. Oil was extracted from fresh pulverized seeds of Monodora myristica through steam distillation. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Study Design: In vitro evaluation of anti-inflammatory assays: Membrane stability, Inhibition of denaturation of albumin and lipoxygenase inhibition. Thank you for your review! Introduction. Has different names for ehu seeds filled with pulp and aromatic, brown seeds the flowering shoots comparatively... Heated greenhouse would be ideal green leaves and stunning flowers or custard apple family of flowering which! Species originates in Africa and is very rare, only occasionally available and! Subdivided into six groups, were used for the experiments available, grows. Nigeria où Monodora myristica is a useful but neglected tropical tree of the antiemetic has! Sown in saw dust only effect of thermal processing on the protein quality of Monodora myristica is tropical... 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