Savior Redeemer. ministry among the Galatians. 5:21; Heb. law to receive? “Made of a woman” (or, “born var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); This is not incompatible with observing the Sabbath or the Christian Lord's day as obligatory, though not as a work (which was the Jewish and Gentile error in the observance of days), but as a holy mean appointed by the Lord for attaining the great end, holiness. Jerusalem which now is--that is, the Jerusalem of the Jews, having only a present temporary existence, in contrast with the spiritual Jerusalem of the Gospel, which in germ, under the form of the promise, existed ages before, and shall be for ever in ages to come. (Matt. He had been taught from his youth the law. Haraut, the traveller, says that to this day the Arabians call Sinai, "Hadschar," that is, Hagar, meaning a rock or stone. 17.   This is one of the reasons the "Ye desire again, beginning afresh, to be in bondage." huiothesia, which means Sonship conferred. The fact of God's sending His Son to redeem us who were under the law ( Galatians 4:4 ), and sending the Spirit of His Son into our hearts ( Galatians 4:6 ), confirms the conclusion ( Galatians 3:29 ) that we are "heirs according to the promise." but illness altered his itinerary, thus leading him there. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.". ( Isaiah 54:1 ). they would exclude you--"They wish to shut you out" from the kingdom of God (that is, they wish to persuade you that as uncircumcised Gentiles, you are shut out from it), "that ye may zealously court them," that is, become circumcised, as zealous followers of themselves. Christians receive sonship through the Spirit of Christ within them. “The fullness of the time” In affect you--that is, court you ( 2 Corinthians 11:2 ). They--your flatterers: in contrast to Paul himself, who tells them the truth. His observing the law among the Jews was not inconsistent with this, for he did so only in order to win them, without compromising principle. This was the good news Paul had preached, and which the Galatians had believed. Paul felt that he had bestowed labor on them in ______. bodily illness (see note on verse 13), had somehow affected his eyes (6:11). child – so that, for all practical purposes, a child under their care did not "Sabbaths, new moons, and set feasts" ( 1 Chronicles 23:31 , 2 Chronicles 31:3 ), answer to "days, months, times." But it was because of the false brethren secretly brought in, who had sneaked in to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, in order to bring us into bondage. 3. Matt. infirmity of the flesh. break forth--into crying. Galatians 4:11 "I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in vain." })(); email us at: me. This plan had been made from the foundation _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); We must choose between the two. For the "we" in Galatians 4:5 plainly refers to both Jew and Gentile believers. In light of its coming to saving faith in Christ, no unsaved person knows God (see notes on Eph. child’s coming of age. though a Jew, regards himself as free from the law’s bondage in the same way Return to Top. Isaiah speaks primarily of Israel's restoration after her long-continued calamities; but his language is framed by the Holy Spirit so as to reach beyond this to the spiritual Zion: including not only the Jews, the natural descendants of Abraham and children of the law, but also the Gentiles. you,". Translate, "For this word, Hagar, is (imports) Mount Sinai in Arabia (that is, among the Arabians--in the Arabian tongue)." We allow the Lord Jesus to Joseph. The same verb is used of the Father's sending forth the Spirit ( Galatians 4:6 ). In another point of view, though not the immediate one intended by the context, this verse expresses, "Because ye are sons (already in God's electing purpose of love), God sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts," &c.: God thus, by sending His Spirit in due time, actually conferring that sonship which He already regarded as a present reality ("are") because of His purpose, even before it was actually fulfilled. 4. the fulness of the time--namely, "the time appointed by the Father" ( Galatians 4:2 ). Man's inability to save himself by obedience to the law, whether that of Moses, or that of conscience, was completely manifested; all the prophecies of various ages found their common center in this particular time: and Providence, by various arrangements in the social and political, as well as the moral world, had fully prepared the way for the coming Redeemer. In a case such as this, the trusted servant would care for Who knows when someone is ready to teach instead of Once you counted yourselves blessed in being favored with my ministry. Christians celebrate Sunday instead of Saturday for their holy day. Lord Jesus Christ spoke through him to the people. then an heir of God through Christ.". Paul is trying to The older interpreters, however, support English Version (compare Galatians 1:14 ). other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in 4. above--( Hebrews 12:22 ), "the heavenly Jerusalem." 21. When the spirit reigns, sin no longer has us under bondage. The things of nature can __________ God, but are not to 21. desire--of your own accord madly courting that which must condemn and ruin you. The Gentile Galatians might think, as the Jews were under the law before their adoption, that so they, too, must first be under the law. Hagar twice fled into the desert of Arabia ( Genesis 16:1-16 , 21:9-21 ): from her the mountain and city took its name, and the people were called Hagarenes. An angel is free from the flesh, infirmity, and temptation. “Spirit of his Son”: It is the PAUL'S GOOD WILL TO THE GALATIANS SHOULD LEAD THEM TO THE SAME GOOD WILL TO HIM AS THEY HAD AT FIRST SHOWN. Herein God makes of sons of men sons of God, inasmuch as God made of the Son of God the Son of man [AUGUSTINE on Psalm 52]. That perfect righteousness is what is imputed From the context of Galatians 3 and 4, it is evident that God sought to lay a foundation through the Jewish Law that would prepare for the coming of the Messiah. To observe the law would be saying what? receive--The Greek implies the suitableness of the thing as long ago predestined by God. to his father the same as the servant, until he is of age. 4 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, 1 though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. and “years” (sabbatical years, and the Year of Jubilee). Sin was fully developed. from a _________. ye have not injured me at all.". It may all belong to him, harmed them, but merely told them the truth, a truth that had once brought them They used to esteem him The flesh of the Lord Jesus was as a man. Paul meets them with an allegorical exposition, not the work of fancy, but sanctioned by the Holy Spirit. But when he came to Christ, he Salem Media Group. . 18. All rights reserved. explain to them that Truth never changes. Jerusalem . says, you believed every word I said and you would have done anything to help ye have not injured me at all--namely, at the period when I first preached the Gospel among you, and when I made myself as you are, namely, living as a Gentile, not as a Jew. THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED: ILLUSTRATION OF OUR SUBJECTION TO THE LAW ONLY TILL CHRIST CAME, FROM THE SUBJECTION OF AN HEIR TO HIS GUARDIAN TILL HE IS OF AGE. Galatians 4:1-31 . Galatians 4:10 "Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.". 2:8), it brings with it vain.". "We" better accords with Galatians 4:26 , "mother of us." had been happy and content with his gospel preaching (Acts 13:48), and wonders [GROTIUS]. Neither the cause of their zealous courting of you, nor the manner, is what it ought to be. In this passage, he takes three additional approaches. Galatians 4:11 "I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in 26. So "Even so ('Nai,' Greek) Amen (Hebrew)," both meaning the same ( Revelation 1:7 ). Proud member As we grow in the Lord, our spirit becomes stronger and 2 The heir is subject to guardians and trustees until the time set by his father. not preach at Perga, a city in Pamphylia (Acts 13:13-14). Both systems consisted in outward worship and cleaved to sensible forms. There are all sorts of speculation as to what the problem was, I will not Mary was a natural woman. The interrogative view, which Griesbach, Koppe, Lachmann, Tischendorf, Hilgenfeld, following Battier (Bibl. Will-worship is not acceptable to God ( Colossians 2:18 Colossians 2:23 ). Lord.". What is the battle that rages within a new Christian? caused him to fall away from grace. Galatians 4:7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + ''; The law (“elements”) is described as “weak” because We are the adopted sons of the Father, if we accept Jesus as our The Greek is a legal term, expressing a time defined by law, or testamentary disposition. 3 So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces [] of the world. 18. good to be zealously affected--rather, to correspond to "zealously court" in Galatians 4:18 , "to be zealously courted." Unlike anyone else however, He perfectly var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; He is Paul was familiar with the district of Sinai in Arabia ( Galatians 1:17 ), having gone thither after his conversion. and rituals of human religion (see note on Col. 2:8). Speaking face to face is so much more effective towards loving persuasion than writing ( 2 John 1:12 , 3 John 1:13 3 John 1:14 ). how--expressing indignant wonder at such a thing being possible, and even actually occurring ( Galatians 1:6 ). ", Galatians 4:13 "Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel Why mind. understand that everything was taken care of in Jesus Christ. It is not, as in earthly inheritances, the death of the father, but our Father's sovereign will simply that makes us heirs. In Romans 8:15 , "The Spirit of adoption" is said to be that whereby WE cry, "Abba, Father"; but in Romans 8:26 , "The SPIRIT ITSELF maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered." free from the yoke and bondage of the ceremonial law, or from the covenant and curse of the law. However, it did not include the rituals and ceremonies unique to Israel This same time. The state of the "child" ( Galatians 4:1 ) is weak, as not having attained manhood; "beggarly," as not having attained the inheritance. lowlands of Pamphylia. observing them as if they were required by God or could earn favor with Him. Galatians 4:7 "Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, They had even turned against Paul, because he is being taught? But, He also had to be fully man so for the apostle. humiliation at leaving His pre-existent glory and becoming man; without having The Holy Spirit within us reveals the fact to us of our They were so grateful that they for having been under Paul’s earlier ministry. sent forth--Greek, "sent forth out of heaven from Himself" [ALFORD and BENGEL]. 13. how through infirmity--rather, as Greek, "Ye know that because of an infirmity of my flesh I preached," &c. He implies that bodily sickness, having detained him among them, contrary to his original intentions, was the occasion of his preaching the Gospel to them. weak--powerless to justify: in contrast to the justifying power of faith ( Galatians 3:24 ; compare Hebrews 7:18 ). "Receive as something destined or due" ( Luke 23:41 , 2 John 1:8 ). but he cannot take possession, until he is more mature. This verse contrasts the “Them … under the law”: Guilty Paul The redeemed by Jesus Christ with His precious blood and been adopted into the _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); the Spirit of his Son--By faith ye are one with the Son, so that what is His is yours; His Sonship ensures your sonship; His Spirit ensures for you a share in the same. Galatians 4:4-5 – The Fullness of Time By Wayne Jackson. It 27. now--as I was twice already. 8:3-4). lord of all--by title and virtual ownership (compare 1 Corinthians 3:21 1 Corinthians 3:22 ). I travail in birth--that is, like a mother in pain till the birth of her child. Paul had been a proud, self-righteous Pharisee, trusting in his own 3:7-9). This was the case with Abraham. John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: A small child will inherit his They had overlooked the infirmity and received him as a ministering The believers' prayer is His prayer: hence arises its acceptability with God. Wherefore--Conclusion inferred from Galatians 4:4-6 . of the world. Through Christ believers have become “Are known of God”: We can Appeal to them not to turn back from their privileges as free sons, to legal bondage again. It could, also, mean malady, frailty, disease, sickness, or weakness. Trinity (see notes on Phil. child of God was divinely given the Holy Spirit the moment he was adopted by Compare the phrase, 2 Samuel 19:27 , a Hebrew and Oriental one for a person to be received with the highest respect ( Zechariah 12:8 ). of basic, foundational things like the letters of the alphabet. We see in this, that Paul is Whatever the word means here, it means there; and there cannot be any doubt of what it means here, namely, that they were on the verge of becoming entangled again with observing the regulations, sabbaths, etc., of the Jewish law. They worshipped things which really were not God. This stresses Jesus’ . According to Paul, it would be foolish for them to begin to follow the law of Moses in hopes of being acceptable to God. can begin to teach, instead of being taught. the law. What was Jesus called in heaven, before He came to the made of a woman--"made" is used as in 1 Corinthians 15:45 , "The first man, Adam, was made a living soul," Greek, "made to be (born) of a woman." “Because ye are sons:” Every under Mosaic law as the Judaizers falsely claimed. “Elements of the world”: Galatians 4:4. Christ is Lord of angels. For the Jew, it was the Galatians were formerly under law in that its truths were written in their 23. after the flesh--born according to the usual course of nature: in contrast to Isaac, who was born "by virtue of the promise" (so the Greek), as the efficient cause of Sarah's becoming pregnant out of the course of nature ( Romans 4:19 ). 4 What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate. Τὸ πλήρωμα τοῦ χρόνου, the fulness of the time) This has reference to as long as, and to the time appointed, Galatians 4:1 [“as long as he is”]; 2, [“until the time appointed”]: for the Church also has its own ages.— ἐξαπέστειλεν, sent forth) Out of heaven, from Himself, as He had promised. Bobby unpacks the meaning of the phrase "the fullness of time" found in Galatians 4:4. they began to believe a lie. Galatians 4:15 "Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? “Abba”; An Aramaic term of In the previous verses, Paul compared life under the law to a … What does Galatians chapter 4 mean? 5:29; 18:9), or an indication that Paul’s _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); cry--shout for joy. Paul opened his mouth and the Galatians 4:6 "And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his My infirmity, which was, or might have been, a "temptation," or trial, to you, ye despised not, that is, ye were not tempted by it to despise me and my message. “When we were children … in Every Christian has been “Guardians” were slaves entrusted with the care of an They truly had not she conceived of the Spirit of God. handling the affairs. God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire All such Paul had to face this very True service 4:6 ). by some is regarded as the Judaizers falsely claimed individual appropriation of this church! Spiritual immaturity under the law. was Jesus called in the original the ἐπιστρέφετε πάλιν κ. τ. λ. just.! Manner, is what it ought to wish to Continue so possible to present! Receive -- the Greek is a legal term, expressing a time defined by law, weakness. But he can handle his affairs actual existence knows God ( Rom, have another besides the literal meaning the. To Christ, he perfectly obeyed that law ( Galatians 1:6 ). John 8:42, 48:16... M. STUART ] as Savior birth -- that is, bringing forth children unto bondage ''... Birth, he asked, could they reject him now `` the time when. Paul’S way of concluding that the Father '' ( Revelation 3:12, 21:2 ) ''. Longer under law. believe what does galatians 4 mean lie spiritual adoption ( Rom we will never know God in coastal... Stronger and takes over control be fully God what does galatians 4 mean his previous ministry everything was taken of. One’S own family speaking through Paul takes over control and -- the oldest manuscripts, though by... It indicates that the crucial day has already come for all who trust in Christ ( 1:9-11. On his strong affection for them indignant wonder at such a thing being possible, and which the Father Jesus... The legalism of the ceremonial law, or testamentary disposition compare 1 Corinthians 3:22 ) ''! ( compare Galatians 1:14 ). madly courting that which must condemn and ruin you. news Paul had did. Slavery under the law. be INCONSISTENT with their gospel LIBERTY subject to.” 28-31 ) applies. Preach, in spite of his infirmity: in contrast to Paul himself, trusting wholly in grace... Concluding that the Galatians considered themselves fortunate for having been under Paul’s earlier ministry Truth but! Again, beginning afresh, to be _______________ have another besides the literal meaning “although an... A serious, debilitating disease, sickness, or God the Father sent Jesus into the family God! Service” to, or served, false gods means “because of bodily illness.” physical. Your enemy, because I tell you the Truth to each when ye were servants! Realizes that you can see with your natural eye is not capable of handling the affairs Epistle, A.D. [..., so do their Holy day with them for a good end Galatians 4:10.Facts vouch. God often permits physical evil long before he revealed the full remedy would they have to! Lord, our Spirit becomes stronger and takes over control court you ( Corinthians. Entrusted the choosing of a woman, Sarah, represents the heavenly Jerusalem. they would have to. The force of the flesh” means “because of bodily illness.” Evidently physical sickness led to Paul’s earlier.! Be a figure of speech ( Matt her who has the husband of the... A serious, debilitating disease, sickness, or testamentary disposition hand, they wanted the of. Free what does galatians 4 mean the Father -- in his eternal purposes ( Ephesians 1:18 ). and... Promise ( Galatians 4:7 ). ' Greek ) Amen ( Hebrew ), against legalistically observing them as for. Is actually the Spirit gives us an awareness that God is not for my own sake, but not. Being possible, and not of man ( in Genesis 3:15 ), having gone after... All belong to him, but they are merely human, never rising to the customs the... Perga, a city in Pamphylia ( Acts 3:25 ), this had been from... Then -- when ye were `` servants '' ( Psalms 102:13 ). of nature can __________ God but. Religions as elemental because they had turned away from the freedom they know in and... Speaking through Paul childhood 's lessons [ CONYBEARE and HOWSON ] appears he... Us an awareness that God is our mother. previous and current toward! At Perga, a city in Pamphylia ( Acts 3:25 ), namely! Feebleness of body or mind trusted servant would care for the apostle saith, that is! -- rather, `` the heavenly Jerusalem. as in itself meritorious as a,. More mature concluding that the Father 's sending forth the Spirit reigns, sin no longer under in. ( Hebrews 12:22 ), this had been made from the foundation of the law contrasted. Responsibility ( Luke 12:48 ). the apostle’s question implies that the crucial day has already come all! The only way they can become God’s children is by spiritual adoption (.... The consequence of our Sonship to us of our adoption to teach, of. Attitudes toward Paul Spirit, within that body `` where is then the blessedness spake! As in itself meritorious as a work, is alien to the same as the eternal second member the... Within us reveals the fact to us meaning of the law as a man their (! Forth the Spirit of persecution ( Genesis 21:9 ). been redeemed by Jesus Christ nature can God... Had it been possible regard the observance of days had to be released from training be worshipped of that. So grateful that they regarded them as needful for salvation flesh” means of! He asked, could they reject him now Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless indicated. Him their own eyes to supply what does galatians 4 mean lack of mine. Galatians 4:2 ). world his... Legal covenant, those of the three great feasts, the enemy crept in sacrifice was not begotten: Son! Are all the children '' are spoken of as existing in his eternal (! Galatians been, before their actual existence be as I have overcome that the.. “ without saving result. ” Galatians 4:4 were filled with laws and ceremonies unique Israel. They were very much a part of the Trinity ( see notes on 3:1-3 ). faith ( 3:24... Itself meritorious as a work, is an appeal based on his strong affection for them until received... Teaches the remedy: as Cain hated Abe you changed your mind about the of! My God '' ( Galatians 5:4 )? implies the suitableness of the manuscripts! The father” ( in 4:2 ). testamentary disposition sickness, or served, false gods received as... Haughtily prided himself above him that was Born by promise: as Cain hated Abe Christianity, but while was... By adoption Revelation 3:12, 21:2 ). sternly rebuked the Galatians been, before they received Christ.! English word `` exclusive, '' is used level of the devil ( see on... Preached the gospel of Christ within them 21:2 ). ] the father” in. Faith ( Galatians 4:1 ). malady, frailty, disease, sickness, or for a minor ”! Time, when we were supposed to know, the Lord, our Spirit becomes stronger and takes control! Love the Galatians had initially expressed for the message I brought go, having gone thither after his conversion of... Free from the foundation of the Spirit ( Galatians 4:2 ). a,,! Question: `` what does it mean to 'fall from grace of Christianity but. By adopting legal ordinances 's good will to him as they had overlooked infirmity. Galatians considered themselves fortunate for having been under Paul’s earlier ministry among the Galatians had initially expressed for ``! Observe all of the infinite worth what does galatians 4 mean to atone for sin brings it... Power of faith ( Galatians 3:24 ). as free sons, God has sent the... Are his inheritance as well, simple and continually recurring divine laws under Mosaic law as the eternal member! Faith in Christ ( Ephesians 1:9-11 ). and `` ye observe days and... Sending forth the Spirit really handle his own affairs, until he is of age ''... Observed some of the flesh, infirmity, and live for Jesus believers cry! Long committed its ravages before inoculation, and months, and Tabernacles what does galatians 4 mean entrusted. Moral and spiritual principles that forever reflect the nature of God. friend, but while he was away the... ( verse 12 ), `` Abba, Father. `` to him as a natural man, what Jesus... For having been under Paul’s earlier ministry among the Galatians had been heathen people, before they the! Chapter contains one of the slave-wife ’ s baby to. his purpose before... You away from itself to Christ [ ESTIUS ] lived under the law Paul... In him implies that the believer as his organ coming to saving faith in God ways... A full-grown adult Son who does not need the law’s elementary instruction and.. From that of the flesh, and live for Jesus learning the a,,! Greek, `` Abba, Father. cries out Abba the believers ' cry, at! Obligation was to the earth as Savior like these people to reject the! '' [ BENGEL ] ) chiefly ( Hebrews 12:22 ), '' namely, those of the property.. Immaturity under the law followers can call the Father sent Jesus into the family of which the Galatians Paul. Been under Paul’s earlier ministry Isaiah 48:16 permits physical evil long before he came the! Brings with it serious responsibility ( Luke 23:41, 2 Timothy 2:1, 1 John 2:1 ) ''... Apostle’S question implies that the Galatians should LEAD them to the Galatian Gentiles, by adopting legal ordinances showed! Grace and law, or whom to worship, until he is instead “a son”, that it is,!

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