Well-preserved castles, like the ones of Kritinia and Monólithos are also waiting to be discovered! Overnight stay will be in Rhodes Harbour. The Dodecanese Islands are an island group in the South Aegean Islands of Greece.. Sandy beaches, turquoise waters, lush vegetation, ancient and medieval monuments, tree-lined wide roads, large squares, parks, a superb city plan and an extensive bicycle-only routes network are the distinctive characteristics of the third largest island of the Dodecanese, Kos! Don’t forget to come back in Carnival time when ancient old customs revive. The twelve islands in the Dodecanese chain, including the islands of Kos, Rhodes, Symi, Kalymnos and Kaparthos, each have a different distinctive and are well worth a visit. The villages of the island seem like open folklore museums, whereas their inhabitants are still dressed in old traditional costumes, and speak their local, old dialect. The stunning beauty of Hóra, a carefully preserved medieval settlement with narrow, maze-like alleys and stone-built houses will take your breath away. The islands were a part of the ancient Greek world, and Rhodes and Cos have long histories. Patmos. Lipsi is the largest island belonging to a cluster of many others islets. Did you actually know that you can sit under the plane tree where Hippocrates himself, the Father of Medicine, used to teach his students and examine his patients? The main islands of the Dodecanese group, with their Italian names in parentheses, are: Kárpathos (Scarpanto), Pátmos (Patmo), Kásos (Caso), Astipálaia (Stampalia), Lipsoí (Lisso), Léros (Lero), Kálimnos (Calino), Nísuros (Nisiro), Tílos (Piscopi), Chálki (Calchi), Sými (Simi), Rhodes (Rodi), and Cos (Coo; Modern Greek: Kos) and the outlying Kastellórizo (Castelrosso). Whether you are looking for an action packed holiday or a relaxing visit, you will be quite astonished by the choices on offer on such a small island! All islands of the Dodecanese are connected to the mainland and other islands daily by ferries, while there are also regular flights to the larger islands. Don’t forget to observe its colourful houses which are actually built with hewn slabs of andesite and dacite (volcanic material)! It is an ideal destination for relaxing, and serene holidays. The early-Christian settlement at Eliniká is a must-see, since it is perhaps the best preserved settlement in Greece. The well-preserved mansions that still stand in Fre, the island’s capital and main port, reflect today this former grandeur. Karpathos. But the larger and richer islands of Rhodes and Cos had submitted involuntarily to Turkish rule and were given no special privileges. Taste the island’s traditional sweets katoumári and stráva, and organise a boat excursion to Galazio Spileo, the largest and most spectacular sea cave in Greece. You can reach Télendos by boat departing from the cove of Mirtiés at Kálymnos. The Dodecanese islands are located on the southeastern side of Greece, between the Cyclades and the coasts of Turkey. Rhodes and Kos may be the most popular of the Dodecanese but lesser-known islands – including Nisyros, Kalymnos and Symi – offer an equally scenic holiday, minus the … A cluster of twelve islands at the southeastern edge of the Aegean, the Dodecanese form a bridge between Europe and the East. With twelve larger islands and numerous smaller uninhabited islands and islets, the Dodecanese Islands have the right mix of tourism and tradition, a fascinating history, two UNESCO World Heritage sites and stunning … Island-hopping by ferry, hydrofoil or catamaran is a splendid way to get into the leisurely pace. All Rights Reserved. Swim in azure seas, admire exquisite works of Italian architecture in Ayia Marina, the capital of the island, wander around centuries-old magnificent castles (like Brouzi and Castle of Panayia), or go scuba diving to explore ship wrecks lying on the seabed since the Second World War. At the hilltop stands imposingly Hora’s castle, surrounded by small houses with whitewashed walls, blue doors and wooden balconies overlooking the open blue sea below. Today there is only one small village on the island. Kalymnos is a beautiful island, located between Kos and Leros, close to the coast of western Turkey. A Greek island hopping cruise around the Dodecanese offers history, culture, sun and sea. The name Dodecanese means "the twelve islands" in Greek, as this is the number of the largest islands of the complex. This is the reason why in Astipálea the characteristics of both island complexes blend together to create the island’s uniquely varied scenery. It is commonly referred to as the Turquoise Coast with blue skies, … Telendos. Get into a boat and sail around Maráthi, another small island with a beautiful beach covered with lentisks and tamarisk (salt cedar). If you are looking to spend peaceful holidays in a pure, dreamy environment with pine trees, olive groves and low plains with freshwater streams, then Léros is your destination! (See also Astipálaia; Cos; Kálimnos; Kárpathos; Kastellórizo; Léros; Pátmos; Rhodes.). Follow walking paths through the dense pine forest on the south of the island, where also ruins of Byzantine residencies still stand. Pátmos is quite popular amongst pilgrims since in one of the island’s caves John the Theologian, one of Christ’s disciples, wrote the “Book of Revelations”. A few of the islands are close enough to Turkey for day-trips though the islands are so beautiful you may not feel like leaving. Some are so small and distant from each other that they have remained almost uncontaminated over the centuries. Here you may join our optional “Rhodes Old City Tour”. Visit a dreamy cluster of islands east of Pátmos with sparse vegetation, old whitewashed houses, and cute little tavernas. Dodecanese, Modern Greek Dodekánisa, group of islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwestern coast of Turkey in southeastern Greece. Rhodes and Kos , are among the largest islands of the group and the two most popular ones. The Dodecanese are made up of 12 main islands plus another 150 islands; only 26 islands are inhabited. The most visited islands in the Dodecanese are Kos, Patmos and Rhodes. Visit among others the castle of Chrissoheria and the Archaeological Museum. Italian interest in the Dodecanese was rooted in strategic purposes, and the islands were intended to … Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Welcome the opportunity to visit the “island of the sea sponge harvesters”, an internationally known alternative tourism destination. Swim in sun-drenched beaches (like Plaka, Potha, and Paradise), go scuba diving and explore the ancient city sunk between Kálymnos and Télendos or go hiking, climbing, wind surfing, canoe-kayaking and spear fishing! Take the opportunity to visit an unspoiled destination formed by volcanic eruptions. In the Byzantine Empire the theme (province) of the Dodecanese included the Cyclades islands as well. Just take your pick! GNTO © 2020. Kalymnos. Here, both landscape and people will definitely help you find inner peace and tranquility. The first picture to see upon arriving on the island is Póthia, both the capital and the port of Kálymnos, spreading amphitheatrically on two hills. I may go back next year for a few nights, as we will return to the Dodecanese for sure. Enjoy the variety a Greek gulet cruise has to offer. Peer into the historic past of the city with a visit to the Archaeological Museum. The islands’ substantial economic deficit has been cut gradually by increasing tourism. The Turks recognized 12 of the islands, “the 12 Sporades,” as being entitled to special treatment since they had voluntarily submitted to Turkish rule. The plane tree must be over 2,500 years old, and it is in fact the oldest in Europe! The Dodecanese is made up of 32 islands and are the perfect place for a classically Greek sailing experience. Its main settlement is filled with cheerfully painted houses of exceptional architecture, awe-inspiring churches and picturesque alleys. ; Kassos; Karpathos is located between Rhodes and Crete. Set out on a day trip to the traditional settlement of Horió, the former capital of the island, and admire interesting Byzantine monuments (like the Great Castle). All content included on this site consists intellectual property of GNTO and you are not allowed to reproduce the whole or part of this work in any way. Bags feeling light? Actually at the village of Nikia there is a “Volcanic Museum”, the only one of its kind in Greece, exhibiting samples from the most characteristic volcanic rocks of Nisyros. The literal translation of Dodecanese is "Twelve Islands" although there are 16 inhabited ones and up to 27 in total. Their crops—fruit, tobacco, olives, and wheat—have varied from marginal to enough to export, and the principal nonagricultural occupations of the islanders—fishing, shipping, sponge diving—are still underdeveloped. Omissions? During your quest, you will encounter some of the city’s most remarkable buildings: the National Theatre, the Courts, the City Hall and the Governors Palace. The total area of the Dodecanese is 2663 sq. Accommodation rentals including studios, houses, rooms, hotels, houses, apartments, villas and travel information on the Dodecanese islands Strolling along the narrow streets of beautiful Mandráki, the island’s capital and port, is a richly rewarding experience. Discover sights, restaurants, entertainment and hotels. The Dodecanese or Dodecanisos is the name of the island complex in the south eastern Aegean. The islands constituted a nomós (department) until 2011, when local government in Greece was reorganized and the islands were divided among four new perifereiakés enótites (regional units) in the South Aegean (Modern Greek: Nótio Aigaío) periféreia. Don’t miss the 4th century Asclipiion, the Antimáhia 15th century castle with its imposing battle tower, as well as one of the most scenic villages of Kos with a distinctive traditional character, Ziá nestled amongst a dense cedar forest. Agathonissi has a significant and vulnerable ecosystem rendering it an important habitat of rare bird species. Wander along the impressive avenue with the Palm Trees, or stroll around famous squares like Platánou Square and Elefthería Square and admire legendary buildings, remains of the Italian rule. Lipsi is also surrounded by countless uninhabited islets ideal for bird watching. Actually the Dodecanese count much more than 12 islands. Dodecanese and Turkey Marvelous sea, archeology, volcanoes and mysticism Δωδεκάνησος or "the 12 islands" that in reality are about 200 islands and islets! Despite its small size, Kássos was once a mighty maritime and commercial power. Wander around its magnificent Old City, surrounded by medieval walls with seven gates, and admire the Palace of the Grand Master, the most awe- inspiring building in the whole island. I visited Lipsi in September, and it's a lovely island. Unique beaches with crystal water are waited to be explored by you! There are many reasons to visiting Simi apart from experiencing its unique cosmopolitan atmosphere, and wandering around its remarkable neo-classical settlement. In our shop. If you are desperately seeking to discover lesser-known, unspoiled destinations visit Leros or Pserimos. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Get a deeper insight into the rich history of the island through your visit to the breathtaking Acropolis of Líndos and Ialissós as well as Ancient Kámiros, which were all powerful cities in ancient times. Ragged mountainscape, densely forested ranges and hilly vistas, verdant valleys –home to four hundred species of flowers and herbs–, and habitat of rare species of birds. Enjoy sandy beaches with crystal clear waters, swim in paradise bays (like the small bay of Vathí), rent a boat and sail around the island’s beaches, follow several hiking routes, participate in local fairs (the most famous ones take place on 15th August) or go scuba diving and climbing. ; Kos is the third largest of the Dodecanese and the second most popular and touristy island after Rhodes. The name Dodecanese literally means Dodeca (12) nisia (islands). Don’t miss the imposing fortified monastery of Saint Ioannis and the Theologian Apocalypse cave! The group of Dodecanese islands is a Greek islands group geographically located on the southeastern side of the Aegean Sea, close to the borders with Turkey. The rich folklore tradition of villages, such as Ólympos and Mesohóri, will weave a powerful spell over you. An island blessed with an abundance of streams, pine-tree forests, vineyards, olive groves, rocky caves (which are actually home to monachus monachus) and mountainous landscapes, Kárpathos is a paradise for nature enthusiasts and lovers of deep-rooted tradition. Pay a visit to the ancient city of Kos and observe important archaeological finds dating back to the 4th century. Subsequent Italian governments, however, unilaterally denounced the accord with Greece and refused to carry it out, and Italy used a special article in the Treaty of Sèvres (1920), whereby Turkey had ceded to Italy all rights and titles to the Dodecanese and Kastellórizo, to enforce its claim on the Dodecanese. Fringed by sandy beaches, the rugged island of Rhodes (the capital) is literally covered with remnants of the Byzantine, Ottoman and Roman empires. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Visit Hóra, the island’s capital and port, one of the most picturesque settlements of the Aegean. Once docked, you'll find many of these twelve idyllic islands … Kastelorizo lies at the easternmost end of Greece, a stone’s throw away from the Turkish coast. Secret treaties on the future of the islands, drawn up by the Allies during and after World War I, led to a dispute between Italy and Greece over which nation should have jurisdiction over the islands. They are situated between the islands of Crete, the Cyclades, lkarias, Samos and the Asia Minor seaboard. Turkish rule of the islands lasted until May 1912, when during the Italo-Turkish War Italian forces seized the islands—except Ikaría (which was occupied by Greek forces in November) and Kastellórizo (which remained Turkish). Pserimos means “looking for the ideal destination for serene, relaxing holidays”. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Dodecanese have long been one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Mediterranean. Regions []. Dodecanese have a distinct character and architecture due to successive rulers - Venetian, Ottoman and Italian while the formal incorporation of the Dodecanese into Greece came in 1948. Italian rule over the Dodecanese was firm and efficient but never popular. They lie close to the Turkish Southern coast and their history is much tied to the fortune and misfortune of Rhodes. The two largest islands, Rhodes and Kos, have a cosmopolitan flair and are literally burs… Travelers who are interested in Greek mythology and ancient ruins will have a field day here. In 1919 an agreement was reached whereby Italy would cede the Dodecanese to Greece with the exception of Rhodes, which was to have broad local autonomy. The Dodecanese Islands were inhabited since the prehistoric times. The culinary enthusiasts should taste mouth watering delights, such as sweet smelling thyme honey, juicy tangerines, homemade mizithra cheese, delicious sea-dried lobster tail, and sea ray preserved in sea water! Browse photos and videos of Dodecanese Islands. The island complex of Dodecanese in south-eastern Aegean is the sunniest corner in Greece. The Dodecanese islands are located on the southeastern side of Greece, between the Cyclades and the coasts of Turkey. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Dodecanese, Fact Monster - World - Dodecanese Islands, Greece. The only Greek sponge-harvesting industry supplying both domestic and international markets with sea sponges and richer islands of the during... Monster - World - Dodecanese islands, Greece accommodation Horió, the.! And poor drainage have benefited, however, from the Turkish coast most. Fortified Monastery of St. John, one of the largest islands of the group the... 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