Carly Ameen, a bioarchaeologist and dog specialist at the University of Exeter in England who was not involved in Dr. McKechnie’s study, said these new identifications of old bones are “hard to validate objectively.” But she said the study makes an excellent case for mining the mountains of dog data already available. Goat/sheep (Figure 3) Hybrid blanket NMNH 221408 Before 1862 Dog/goat Plain blanket NMNH 311257 Before 1919 Goat Plain blanket NMAI 138571 Before 1925 Fraser River, B.C. Similarly William Elmendorf learned that the "wool dog" of the Coast Salish people living along Hood Canal "was a special, separate breed with long hair shorn and used in woven textiles," and was known by a name that means "long-haired dog" (The Structure of Twana Culture, 95-97). The Salish Wool Dog began to interbreed with other varieties of dog and lose the traits that made it so distinct. Comments may take up to an hour for moderation before appearing on the site. Weavers examining it were unconvinced, suspecting it was mountain goat wool. Also known as the Comox Dog, the Salish Wool Dog is one of two breeds native to the United States. Previously, seven blankets at the Smithsonian in Washington, D.C., had been tested and found to contain dog wool, but there were no known examples in B.C. by Lesley Evans Ogden The blanket will be an important resource to Coast Salish weavers, who study objects in museums in an effort to revive complex techniques and better understand the unique materials used in traditional textiles, said Kathryn Bunn-Marcuse, the Burke Museum’s curator of Northwest native art. Though the blanket’s creator isn’t known, it was purchased that year at Musqueam Indian Band by a researcher. Back in Tulalip, Ms. Campbell’s blanket discovery has invigorated her whole community’s journey to reawaken ancient Coast Salish textile weaving. The blanket at the Burke Museum was at one time owned by Judge James Wickersham, a collector who lived in Tacoma, Wash., and later in Alaska. A woolly-haired dog in British Columbia captured in a photograph during the first half of the 20th century. There may have been some left on northern Vancouver Island up until 1900. There is speculation around why so few blankets made from Salish Wool Dog hair still exist today. Photo by Chilliwack Museum and Archives Booen Fonds P. Coll 120 No. There was an error, please provide a valid email address. Capt. Visit our Community Guidelines for more information and details on how to adjust your email settings. Demand for wool from these small white dogs dropped, their numbers dwindled and the breed is believed to no longer exist. These dogs lived with Coast Salish Nations in what is now Washington and British Columbia and were an important part of daily life in the area. The idea that some Salish communities bred dogs for wool was often dismissed as a local legend, until Crockford’s archaeological work and a 2011 study that found that dog hair was used to make Salish blankets stored in the collections of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and National Museum of the American Indian. The Salish Wool Dog is the only known prehistoric North American dog developed by true animal husbandry.The small long-haired wool dog and the coyote-like village dog were deliberately maintained as separate populations. 25. A rare Salish blanket (Leaflets of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation 5). He told Ms. Campbell, the museum’s senior curator, that his donation included a dog wool blanket. A Salish Wool Dog in an 1856 painting of Coast Salish weaving. Dogged detective work — and a small tear — have led researchers to a remarkable discovery in a Coast Salish blanket that may have been woven around the time of Canadian confederation 150 years ago. An undated photo provided by Tessa Campbell shows a blanket dated to about 1850, believed to be made from the wool of a dog bred by Coast Salish people for its fleece. Eight years ago, Tessa Campbell heard a genuine shaggy dog story. Native American made Wool Blankets by Eighth Generation. Liz Hammond-Kaarremaa, Coast Salish spinning researcher, looking over a 200-year-old Coast Salish blanket. It did not look like mountain goat. Please try again. Lydia Hwitsum, a former elected Cowichan chief, said she learned traditional weaving from her mother, who explained to her daughter that dog wool was historically incorporated into yarn-making “to make the fibers even stronger.”. ... the identification of a Coast Salish dog-hair blanket from Yale, ... 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