No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. 2 Maccabees 9:16, Luke 21:5), while ἀνάθεμα is restricted to the Hebrew conception of an offering devoted under a solemn vow to death or destruction (Leviticus 27:28, Joshua 7:1, Acts 23:14). https: BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Galatians 1:8". It is common in the Scriptures, as indeed it is everywhere else, to repeat a declaration in order to deepen the impression of its importance and its truth. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. The "eternally condemned" of the NIV is also correct, but doesn't sound as emphatic. The Epistles of Paul attach to the word the idea of spiritual death. His only motive was zeal for the purity of the gospel of his divine Lord and Master. Again, we see the thought of the one accursed ending in hell (not that Christ could). 6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: 7 Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. If Paul rejects both his own and angelic authority—consequently even the supposed superhuman intervention (comp. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to … Than that.—The Greek has here, not a conjunction, but a preposition, the precise sense of which is ambiguous. In this context it would indicated God"s dwelling place, in that the angels have access to all, but dwell in the same place as God Himself. BibliographyPett, Peter. Galatians 1:8. Did they not remember that they had received the Gospel with powerful evidence of the working of the Spirit (Galatians 3:2)? The condemnation of the opponents is indirect, but the more certain by the argument a fortiori. Galatians 1:8. ἀναθέμα ἔστω = Galatians 1:9. ἀνάθεμα is in the LXX. ὅστις ἄν ᾖ, Galatians 5:10) is in the same case subject to the same curse. An angel from heaven, proverbial expression for a being possessed of the highest authority next to the divine. Not that these apostles really supported the Judaizers; but he wishes to show, when the truth is in question, respect of persons is inadmissible. The original Greek word is retained in the translation, Let him be Anathema. b). To embrace in the reference the associates of the apostle in founding the Galatian churches (Hofmann) is premature, for these are only presented to the reader in the εὐηγγελισάμεθα which follows. The word is not translated here, just presented in its original Greek form. Here the pasta become a minestrone, because according to him Christ would come before the fallen of Babylon. 1. I. p. 140 f. ἡμεῖς] applies primarily and chiefly to the apostle himself, but the σὺν ἐμοὶ πάντες ἀδελφοί (Galatians 1:2) are also included. accursed. 8,9. p. 832; Hartung, Partikell. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 5:1, 13-25. also Grotius and Semler) to the idea of excommunication subsequently expressed in the church (Suicer, Thes. Any other gospel unto you than. Paul here associates with himself the colleagues Barnabas, Silas, Timothy, who had combined with him to preach the Gospel. The word exists in two forms, with a long e and a short e respectively; and whereas its original meaning was simply that of being “devoted to God,” the form with the long vowel came by gradual usage to be reserved for the good side of this: “devoted, in the sense of consecration; “while the form with the short vowel was in like manner reserved for the bad sense: “devoted to the curse of God.” Attempts have been made to weaken its significance in this passage by restricting it to “ex-communication by the Church;” but this, though a later ecclesiastical use of the word, was not current at such an early date. 4. Heavenly Father, thank You for the God-breathed Scriptures and the truth that they contain within their pages. It is rather the however confronting most emphatically the τινές εἰσιν οἱ ταράσσοντες κ. τ. λ. ad Viger. in different senses. Comp. "Commentary on Galatians 1:8". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". … Continue reading "Commentary on Galatians 4:4-7" anathema. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. παρά, “contrary to,” Romans 16:17. ἀπʼ οὐρανοῦ is added probably only to enhance the dignity of the supposed preacher. Compare Peter's language in Acts 8:20. 1863-1878. But even if we ourselves, or an angel from heaven (if such a thing were possible), would dare to preach a different gospel, may he be condemned to hell!" The opposite, Galatians 6:16. Indeed, it would seem that trusting anything but the blood of Christ for salvation is trusting the wrong thing and places the person on a fast track to eternal damnation. In Rabbinic and modern times cherem often signifies excommunication from a visible society, and this meaning has been attributed to ἀνάθεμα here. In saying let him be accursed, he also saith that he who doth this shall be accursed; for the apostle would neither himself curse, nor direct others to curse, whom he did not know the Lord would curse, and look upon as cursed. Early on, Paul had to establish his credentials - that the gospel he preached did not have its source in any man, as Gnostic ideas do, but had come directly from Jesus Christ (verses 11-12). Paul wants to make this as strong as possible to shock them into awareness of the horrible sin the circumcision party is doing!!! Back during the Reformation, the Reformers pronounced anathemas on the Catholics, and the Catholics pronounced anathemas on the Reformers. The Expositor's Greek Testament. It does not, like excommunication, pronounce a judicial sentence on particular convicted offenders, but solemnly affirms general laws of the spiritual kingdom, e.g., in 1 Corinthians 16:22, any who love not the Lord, here any who tamper with the truth of the Gospel, are pronounced outcasts from the faith, and dead to the Spirit of Christ. An ‘anathema’ was something that was declared against the worst of sinners, those who had ‘sinned with a high hand’. The preposition is important here, as it has been pressed by Protestants in the sense of ‘besides,’ against Roman Catholic tradition, and in consequence maintained by the latter in the sense of ‘against.’ It in fact includes both) we preached (evangelized) to you, let him be accursed (of God: no reference to ecclesiastical excommunication: for an angel is here included. To apply it (Rosenmüller, Baumgarten-Crusius, comp. ANATHEMA = condemned to hell = eternally condemned. https: "accursed" Paul meant under God"s judgment. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Galatians 6:1-10. ii. Galatians 1:8-9 English Standard Version (ESV) 8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. Consider carefully what you trust for salvation, since only the blood of Christ will do. Galatians 1:8 let him be accursed: Paul warns the Galatian Christians of “certain ones” who were “wanting to distort the good news about the Christ.” ( Ga 1:7 ) These were apparently men who endorsed Jewish traditions rather than the message of the good news. By "accursed" Paul meant under God"s judgment. The reference is to St Paul’s companions on his first visit (Silas and Timothy, Acts 15:40; Acts 16:3), or on his second (probably Timothy). But after he left Galatia, he learned that Judaizers (Greek: Ioudizo—those who live by Jewish What does this verse really mean? ; whoso, however, it may be who so behaves, let him he accursed!” This curse pronounced by the apostle on his opponents is indirect, but, because it is brought about by a conclusion a majori ad minus, all the more emphatic. Upholders of the South Galatian theory see an implied reference to St Paul’s circumcision of Timothy, a semi-Gentile, which might have suggested his sympathy with obedience to the Law on the part of Gentile Christians on his second visit (Acts 16:3). 1897. The sentiment of Galatians 1:8 is here repeated on account of its importance. Let him be anathema, anathematized, i.e., devoted (in a bad sense), given over to the judgment of God. In considering the dogmatic application, it is right to bear in mind the nature of the heretical doctrines which it was the Apostle’s object to denounce. Galatians 1:8, NLT: "Let God's curse fall on anyone, including us or even an angel from heaven, who preaches a different kind of Good News than the one we preached to you." Galatians 1:6-7 After Paul left the church in Galatia, a group of Jewish Christians entered the region and began denouncing the gospel of salvation Paul had preached. Galatians 1:8 - But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. The two derivatives, ἀνάθημα and ἀνάθεμα, are both employed in the LXX and N.T. In earlier times a dogmatic interest was involved in this point: the Lutherans, in order to combat tradition, laying the stress on praeterquam; and the Catholics, to protect the same, on contra. 2012. Paul had heard his gospel from Christ himself, and he felt his assurance greater even than the counter testimony of an angel from heaven. Then he received word that certain Jewish-Christians were trying to persuade Galatian Christians to observe Jewish laws and rituals, including circumcision (5:2-12; 6:12-13) and the observance of “days, months, seasons, and years” (4:10). βουλόμενος ὅτι ἀξίωμα προσώπων οὐ προσίεται, ὅταν περὶ ἀληθείας ὁ λόγος ᾖ), preach (evangelize: it is impossible to preserve in English the εὐαγγέλιον, and in it the reference back to Galatians 1:6-7) to you other than what ( παρά (reff.) Paul uses the same term again in the next verse when he restates his curse. "They tell you that Peter, and even I myself, preach that you can be put right with God through the Law. Application: Question ALL you read and hear and trust nothing unless it lines up squarely with the Word of God. Paul just denied not only the existence of a different [ heteron (Greek #2087)] gospel, but that of another [ allo (Greek #243)] gospel. Such false teachers were an anathema in Paul's day and we should take note of this most serious warning in the 21st century too. Ver. 1685. Comp., on the contrary, Galatians 5:10, βαστάσει τὸ κρῖ΄α; 2 Thessalonians 1:9. To them a noble effort, to God a foolish effort, but I"m sure they wanted him dead - not just sure they would have starved to death if they couldn"t have killed him. Galatians 6:10 is the culmination of a line of thought begun in chapter five: “For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another” (v. 13). Chrysostom finely suggests that Paul is here sweepingly answering those who were quoting Peter and James against him. 1871-8. 1905. xxviii.). The emphasis, however, lies on παρʼ. Galatians 1:8. ἡμεῖς. Paul says these that mislead, these that teach falsely, these that would remove you from your peace, and these that would substitute the gospel of grace are accursed! BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Galatians 1:8". Though we, or an angel from heaven, — Some have imagined, that the Apostle uses this expression as a prophetical prevention against crediting the pretences of Cerinthus and Mahomet, who both pretended to have received their revelations by the ministry of an angel.It may likewise glance at the manner of giving the law, which, according to the Apostle, was by the ministration of angels. Galatians 1:8. ἀλλά, not but, as an antithesis to οὐκ ἔστιν ἄλλο (Hofmann), which has already been fully disposed of by εἰ μὴ κ. τ. λ. This is an example of hyperbole: exaggeration for the sake of emphasis. ἀνάθεμα ἔστω.] ὑμῖν] This ὅ, which is not to be explained by εὐαγγέλιον (Schott, Flatt, Hofmann), is simply that which, namely, as the context shows, as contents of the gospel; “beyond that which we,” etc. ), or than, that. Whoever they were, they apparently claimed the highest authority for their teaching since Paul warned his readers to reject it even if it had come from angelic messengers sent directly from heaven. 3. [Note: Bruce, p83.]. It can bring nothing greater than Christ; nothing truer, holier, more saving than his gospel. 1974. Used by Permission. I won"t comment on the priests and elders but this might be a little exaggeration for effect on their part. The certainty, that no other gospel but that preached by the apostle to his readers was the true one, cannot be more decisively confirmed. 8. The gospel admits of no rival, either in the form of foreign additions or in the form of changes. 1 Corinthians 16:22 : ‘If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be anathema;’ also Galatians 3:13; Galatians 5:10; Romans 9:3; 1 Corinthians 12:3). I suggest we use the same tactics that Paul used - call these false teachers what they are - accursed. This opposes the traditions of Rome, which are at once besides and against the written Word, our only attested rule. 8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let them be under God’s curse! Only an inspired Apostle could thus speak. 1909-1922. 218 sqq.). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 3:23-29 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, established churches in Galatia composed primarily of Gentiles who received the Gospel eagerly (4:14-15). 1:1; Titus 1:3] through Jesus Christ and God the Father, # See Acts 2:24 who raised him from the dead— 2 and all # Phil. May we never be tempted away from the glorious gospel of Christ, which is clearly written in the unchanging of God's Word. παρʼ ὅ εὐηγγελισ. ἄγγελος ἐξ οὐρανοῦ] to be taken together: an angel οὐρανόθεν καταβάς (Hom. Galatians 1:6(NASB) Verse Thoughts Paul does not pull his punches when he challenges the Galatian believers on their readiness to depart from the unchangeable, truth of God's Word to a false gospel. The apostle Paul is astonished (Galatians 1:6) and perplexed (4:20) at what has happened among the Galatian Christians since he was working and preaching among them. https: I tell you if an angel contradict the gospel he is to be rejected! Galatians 5:10; Galatians 5:12.— ταράσσοντες, that trouble) ch. This passage from Galatians 4 reflects on God’s sending of his Son in the context of a larger theological argument about what it means to be children of God and co-heirs with Christ. Galatians 1:8 Translation & Meaning. Paul ( 3972 ) is from Latin, Paulos meaning "little, small". And so in modern days, a false demonism is abroad ignoring Christ, or demanding to transform his gospel. 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