MATERIAL GRADE COMPARISON TABLE Material No. These steels, also of the 400 series, usually contain 11.5%-18% chromium and have higher levels of carbon than their ferritic counterparts. Specs. Fitting Specs. It can also be quickly hardened by machining. Different stainless steel types are made to play different roles in steel tube forming. Good resistance in hardened condition to atmosphere. Addition of sulfur or selenium gives it best machinability of all austenitic grades, but reduces corrosion resistance compared to 304. Structural steel grades are designed with specific chemical compositions and mechanical properties formulated for particular applications. Make sure your application meshes well with your metal of choice before sending your design to a steel tube manufacturer. Take this chart with you instead! To make things easier for your evaluation, we’ve compiled a carbon steel grades chart highlighting the most commonly used carbon steel grades and their applications. ), Stainless Steel Grades Chart PDF -- Types of Stainless Steel, Combination of strength and ductility to withstand severe forming methods. The abrasion resistance and fatigue strength are superior to 304 stainless steel.302 stainless steelTh… Stainless steels are lumped into classes. Cryogenic resistance. High strength and hardness. TYPE. Corrosion resistance to variety of oxidizing environments. INTERNATIONAL STEEL GRADE GUIDE Australian Grades (AS) and their nearest International Equivalent Std. Heat treating won’t harden them, and they are always magnetic. IC903 H01-H10 P05-P15 M10-M20 S10-S20 AL-TEC TiAIN Ultra-fine grain carbide with 12% cobalt, TiAlN PVD coated grade. Knives, ball bearings, gauge blocks, dies. Titanium-stabilized. Check out our guide to their key differences. B Low Temp Use A-333 GR. 18% chrome alloy with low carbon content. High-carbon, moderate corrosion resistance, superior strength and hardness. Some stainless steel grades are extremely adept at handling a wider range of temperatures. Click the button below for a free PDF version: hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1629394, '3d1d22ba-ac44-4362-903a-90afc7fa9341', {}); Useful corrosion resistance, particularly in wet abrasion environments. As a general rule, stainless deserves consideration if your engineering project requires at least one of these three qualities: Here's a stainless steel grades chart so you can get the most out of the metal for your project: Running short on time? Some people just use the colours while others will use the various codes associated with each product. Readily welded and formed. Auto exhaust systems, heat exchangers, furnace liners. According to the World Steel Association, there are over 3,500 different grades of steel, encompassing unique physical, chemical, and environmental properties. Grade 304 SS is the most well-known and commonly used austenitic stainless steel. In Europe, structural steel must comply with the European Standard EN 10025, which is governed by the European Committee for Iron and Steel Standardization (ECISS), a subset of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). These grades can have tensile strengths that are twice as much as the ubiquitous 304 and 316 grades. Improved corrosion resistance over 316. Grade AS SAE US ASTM UK BS GERMAN DIN JAPAN JIS FRENCH 250 A36 4360-43A 17100/ST33 G3101-55400 /ST37-2 ST44-2,3 -5541 STRUCTURAL 350 A572GR50 A678 GRA A709 GR50 4360-50B 17100/ST52-3 G3106-SM50A NFA 35-501 /E36-2 1006 1006 970-015-A03 -030 A04 3CR12. Remember, the wrong ingredients can make your project a bad batch from the start. Steel is a combination of iron and carbon, but did you know there are more than 3,500 different grades of steel? Metal Strength Chart – Mechanical Properties Chart of Different Metal Grades and Alloys | CNCLATHING 2020.3.27 Strength is a critical factor in metal uses, for example, some applications require stronger aluminum parts, while some products need high steel hardness or yield strength of steel, this may determine the selection of CNC machining material or product design. Grade Equivalency Coating Equivalency Terms & Others Stainless … Marine architectural components, food processing, hot water systems. Grade 304 SS is the most well-known and commonly used austenitic stainless steel. Specs. Steel is a combination of iron and carbon, but did you know there are more than 3,500 different grades of steel? Resists dry atmospheres, freshwater, mild alkalis and acids, steam, and hot gases. Good combination of corrosion resistance, formability, mechanical properties. Cutlery, stainless steel hospital equipment, needle valves. Duplex stainless steels are also well-suited for welding and forming. Stainless steel grade chart ATLAS STEELS – SPECIALTY STEELS PRODUCT REFERENCE MANUAL SECTION 9: APPENDICES Printed November 2000 1 S9 Chemical analysis (%) specified Grade UNS No. Its popularity also means there are seemingly a million different types of stainless steel grades. ‘Super austenitic’ grade with very high corrosion resistance, especially to strong acids and chlorides. Comparing steel standards is not an exact science, so the biggest challenge of preparing such a book was deciding on the "rules of comparison." About 50% ferrite and 50% austenitic. LC200N is an amazing steel! Note that materials compared are the nearest available grade and may have slight variations in actual chemistry. 430F is suitable for high-speed machining, but corrosion resistance is lower. The most common types of stainless steels include: The metalworking powers-that-be developed these classes to consolidate chemical and mechanical properties into categories based on the needs of customers’ uses. 410H has better hardenability. 6 A-420 WPL6 A350 LF2 (Fine Grain) ALLOY STEEL … Austenitic stainless steels contain 15%-30% chromium and 2%-20% nickel for better surface quality, corrosion and wear resistance, and workability. Steel Grade Equivalent Table (EN, SAE/AISI, UNS, DIN, BS, UNI, JIS) The table below compares common grades of materials from various international specifications. You may notice “L” or “H” attached to some of the grades. Automotive trim, refrigerator doors, element supports, cold-headed fasteners. ‘Super duplex’ grade with exceptional resistance to hot chlorides and sulfides. EN Series Steel Chart Get the complete list of EN Series Steel Chart with the Chemical Analysis & Specifications aspects. The Four Types of Steel. steel, hard alloys and carbon steel at medium to high cutting speeds. This group of 400-series steels contains 10.5%-20% chromium for corrosion protection and resistance to scaling at high temperatures. USA JAPAN GB BS 0.9620 G-X260NiCr42 Grade 2A Ni-Hard 2 0.9625 G-X330NiCr42 Grade 2B Ni-Hard 1 0.9630 G-X300CrNiSi952 Ni-Hard 4 0.9635 G-X300CrMo153 0.9640 G-X300CrMoNi1521 0.9645 G-X260CrMoNi2021 0.9650 G-X260Cr27 Grade 3D A532IIIA25%Cr 0.9655 G-X300CrMo271 The SAE steel grades system is a standard alloy numbering system (SAE J1086 - Numbering Metals and Alloys) for steel grades maintained by SAE International.. Corrosion resistance comparable to 302. “H” denotes high carbon content, a sign of increased strength. Duplex Stainless Steel: The New(er) Category on the Block. Pump and boat shafts, nuts, bolts, marine hardware. Resistant to erosion, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking, and pitting and crevice corrosion. (Actually, there are a few hundred.). Water heaters, engine components, solar panels. Nuclear, automotive, power generation, chemical processing, consumer appliances. Specs. A steel’s grade is determined by the amount of carbon, what other alloys it contains, and the way it has been processed. Spyderco and Cold Steel frequently utilize this steel and the chart below shows why. Engineering steel grades can be confusing! Here's a stainless steel grades chart so you can get the most out of the metal for your project: Running short on time? HC offers better hardenability. Austenitics are the most specified stainless steel grades thanks to their excellent formability and corrosion resistance. It’s possible for two steels with the same alloy content to have different grades based on this heat treatment process. With its heat resistance, these steels can result in a wide range of useful hardness and strength levels. 6 A-334 GR. Deciding between the two most popular stainless tubing grades, 304 and 316? It can be hardened to Rockwell 58 hardness, making it one of the hardest stainless steels. USES. 200 series stainless steelContain chrome, nickel, manganese, belongs to austenitic stainless steel.300 series stainless steelContain chrome, nickel, also belongs to austenitic stainless steel.301 stainless steelIt has good malleability and applied in forming products. grade with exceptional resistance to hot chlorides and sulfides. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(2680482, 'e16024dc-b0ea-43e4-8e34-0ceb24f9bc6f', {}); Mead Metals Customer Feature: HSI Metal Stamping, We Are Open: Tackling the Challenge of COVID-19 Head On. Metal alloys are a mixture of different proportions of elements. Stainless steel is a material with tons to offer. Pulp and paper machinery, ink and dying processes, acetic acid distillation, Aircraft, heat exchangers (up to intermediate temperatures), Corrosion resistance comparable to 409, better surface finish, Caskets, applications requiring better finish than 409. Need more clarification on what separates 316 and 316L? Click the button below for a free PDF version: Stainless Steel Grades Chart. Resistant to oxidation, corrosion, and stress cracking. Take this chart with you instead! Austenitic steels mainly reside in the 200 and 300 series. ASTM's steel standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of the different types of steels, which are primarily used in the production of mechanical components, industrial parts, and construction elements, as well as other accessories related to them. Ferritic. A steel’s grade is determined by the amount of carbon, what other alloys it contains, and the way it has been processed. Pitting corrosion resistance. Table of Steel Equivalent Grades (EN, SAE/AISI, UNS, DIN, BS, UNI, JIS) The table below compares steel equivalent grades of materials from various international specifications. Steel Plate Catalog Commercial […] To help cut through the confusion, our handy colour chart gives you quick and easy way to identify grades by colour or … There’s a fourth category, too. These efforts were similar and overlapped significantly. Higher-carbon grade. It’s possible for two steels with the same alloy content to have different grades based on this heat treatment process. And there are many carbon steel grades with unique qualities to choose from. LC200N. For instance, the rate steel is cooled can impact how its molecules are joined together, as can the amount of time the steel is held at several critical temperature points during the cooling process. grade with very high corrosion resistance, especially to strong acids and chlorides. Specific instructions may also be given on melting temperature, cooling, and treatment.Published standards also record the mechanical properties of a specified metal. For instance, the rate steel is cooled can impact how its molecules are joined together, as can the amount of time the steel is held at several critical temperature points during the cooling process. Martensitic steel is heat treatable but difficult to weld. High in strength. They simply appear together in a list of steels. Duplex stainless steels represent a combination of austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. Food and drink, sanitary, cryogenic and pressure applications. equivalent grades in the philippines, equivalent material grades, equivalent metal grades, equivalent material grades chart, equivalent grades of mild steel, equivalent grades uk, equivalent grades of steel, equivalent grades uk france, equivalent grades uk spain Duplex steel, in particular, has a high strength/ductility ratio. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1629394, 'aaddfe0f-a171-4e5d-b609-274a2907712e', {}); (Editor's Note: This article was originally published in November 2017 and was recently updated. B A-234 WPB A-105 A-53 GR. Newer to the world of stainless steel grades is the duplex category. Marine, chemical, and petrochemical industries, Excellent weldability, toughness, and fabricating characteristics, Tubing for bus frames, hopper cars, chutes, storage tanks, shipping containers. High in strength. Bolts, nuts, screws, pump parts and shafts, turbine parts, mine ladder rungs, cutlery, rulers, cold heading. With 90% the corrosion resistance of H1, you also get much improved edge retention. Drawing from the best of both metal types, duplex stainless steels boast strength, durability, and improved resistance to chlorides. Carbon content is low. • For alloys in general (including steel), unified numbering system (UNS) of ASTM International and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). They are nonmagnetic when annealed but -- depending on the nickel content and other composition factors --- can become slightly magnetic when cold worked. In the 1930s and 1940s, the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) and SAE were both involved in efforts to standardize such a numbering system for steels. Steel grades: e.g. Aluminized version adds salt and cosmetic corrosion resistance. Excellent toughness. A standard includes the chemistry, or “recipe” for the alloy, documenting what different elements should be melted into it. Excellent corrosion resistance but susceptible to pitting corrosion in warm chloride environments. Molybdenum use improves pitting resistance over 430. General Purpose Steel Grade Chart - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Knowing what stainless steel type is right for your project saves you -- and your customers -- time, money, and a headache. TRAITS. General Purpose Steel Grade Chart A tough and highly wear resistant grade. Combination of strength and ductility to withstand severe forming methods. GRADE. Steel grades High speed and mixed traffic Specification Grade Chemical composition Mechanical properties % by mass Rm (MPa) Elongation (%) BHN Hardness C Si Mn P S Cr Al V H2 (ppm) Centre line UIC 860-O 700 0.40/0.60 0.05/0.35 0.80/1.25 ≤ 0.050 ≤ 0.050 680/830 ≥ 14 Steel is graded as a way of classification and is often categorized into four groups—Carbon, Alloy, Stainless, and Tool. Of the similar books on the market today, none explain in detail why one steel is comparable to another. Steel grading standards are widely used by scientists, engineers, architects, and government agencies to ensure quality and consistency of materials. Carbon Steel: A36, A572 GR 50, A588 (Corten type), 1045, A516 GR 70, A514 T-1 Carbon Alloy: 4130, 4140, 4340 Abrasion Resistant: AR400, AR500 Other Grades: 33Max, A285 GR C, A515 GR 70, ABS Grades, & AR360 Common Size Ranges Thickness Width Length 3/16″ – 8″ 36″ to 120″ 96″ to 480″ Can cut to size. 317L is a variation of 317 suitable for heavy-gauge welding. Accounts for 50% of all stainless steel produced. Of the stainless steel types, martensitic is probably the least known. Keep reading here. Because of its heat resistance coupled with formability, ferritic stainless steel is optimal for welding. It’s also magnetic. Same mechanical and physical properties as 304 but more resistant to pitting corrosion, especially in warm chloride environments. Use the information below to get the right carbon steel grade … a higher grade of cutlery steel, with more carbon in it, which allows for much better edge retention when the steel is heat treated properly. These standards provide a common language to communicate the properties of steel with great specificity, and guide product manufacturers toward proper processing and application procedures. C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni Other 253MA S30815 0.05 1.1 - 2.0 0.8 0.040 0.030 20.0 - 22.0 10.0 - 12.0 N 0.14-0.20-0.10 Ce 0.03-0.08 hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(2680482, '34a04ea6-ecdb-4e97-8161-c219632797a9', {}); Steel grading systems provide a way to categorize steel based on all the different factors that can influence its properties and uses. Ferritic stainless is used in cases where resistance to corrosion is key. Using duplex stainless steels -- where appropriate -- means you won’t have to worry about stress cracking from corrosion or unwanted bending. Used for up to 62 HRc hardened steel, titanium, nickel-based alloys and stainless steel at high speeds and medium feeds. of all austenitic grades, but reduces corrosion resistance compared to 304. generation, chemical processing, consumer appliances. In essence, steel is composed of iron and carbon, although it is the amount of carbon, as well as the level of impurities and additional alloying elements that determine the properties of each steel grade. P355N, P355NH, P355NL1, P355NL2: DIN 2448/17179 (replaced): Seamless circular tubes of fine-grain steels for special requirements (DIN 2448 [replaced]): Plain end seamless steel tubes: Dimensions and conventional masses per unit length: Steel grades… Excellent resistance to wide variety of corrosive media, approaching that of 304. ASTM Reference Chart Grade Pipe Tubing Weld Forging Plate Specs. Note that materials compared are the nearest available grade and may have slight variations in actual chemistry. Good weldability. Resists atmospheric and automotive exhaust gas corrosion. CARBON STEEL High Temp Use A-106 GR. Nuts and bolts, aircraft fittings and gears, bushings, Slightly magnetic when cold worked. “L” denotes low carbon content, which equals increased corrosion resistance. High strength and hardness. Also known as "razor blade steel". While H1 steel lives in a specialist category as a fishing or boating knife, LC200N holds its own as an EDC knife steel. Must harden for best heat and corrosion resistance. In all reality, literally any steel blade that has even a hint of chromium for corrosion resistance can be dubbed surgical steel, even though to be considered actually corrosion resistant, it has to have over 10.5% of chromium content, which if that were the case, we’d be looking at a higher grade stamp instead of just this silly “surgical grade” or just “stainless steel” nonsense. 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