First, he had to gain permission from the Persian emperor Artaxerxes, which meant getting him to reverse an earlier state policy against rebuilding… He establishes the Levites in the temple. Akkad Susa Sumer. 2ndreturn (about 2,000) Nehemiah Reconstruction underNehemiah 444-425B.C. Commander of Jerusalem's Defense, Hananiah, a God-fearing man of integrity. And a letter unto Asaph, the keeper of the king’s forest — The forest of Lebanon, famous for choice trees. The book of Nehemiah gives us a good partner to Ezra. ), Nehemiah was among the exiled in Shushan, a.k.a. 2. So he teaches the people the word. Susa: In Shushan the palace.—Susa, the capital of Susiana; where, after the capture of the Babylonian empire, a great palace was built by Darius Hystaspis, the ruins of which are still seen. And the Levites were appointed — When I had given orders that the Levites should be summoned from all places to celebrate the dedication of the wall, as was done, Nehemiah 12:27. Luke 14:28-33 … Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in 445 B.C. "But while all this was going on, I was not in Jerusalem, for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had returned to the king. v11-16 (See map on page 31) Most of the book centers on events in Jerusalem. That they may convey me over till I come into Judah — May conduct me with safety through their several territories, and furnish me with necessaries on my journey. Third wave under Nehemiah (445 BC) is found in Nehemiah 1-3. Susa was the winter capital of the Persian empire, located about 150 miles north of the Pursian Gulf on today's border between Iran and Iraq. Why? 2. Read Nehemiah 1.1-11 Nehemiah was in Susa and cup bearer to the King. Later that year, Nehemiah traveled to Israel, leading the third of three returns by the Jewish people following their seventy years of exile in Babylon. Susa was the capital of the Persian Empire, the superpower of the time. 4. Was there anything on your vacation that touched your heart or disturbed you? As they heard the news of their homeland the exiles were in a melancholy mood. Verses on Planning. How did the king respond to Nehemiah? (v. 1) Nehemiah was in the citadel of Susa. The remains of a spectacular sculpture in Susa, Iran ( UNESCO) Shushan is located in the Lower Zagros Mountains, around 250 kilometres (160 miles) east of the Tigris river and between the Kharkeh and Dez rivers. When Nehemiah heard that the walls of Jerusalem were still broken down more than a half-century after the completion of the rebuilding of the temple, he “sat down and wept,” fasting and praying before God (). Hanani reported that the city still lay in utter ruins and the … Nehemiah is a cup-bearer to king Artaxerxes I of Persia – an important official position. He teaches his people how to be faithful to one another in their marriages in chapter 9; and in chapter 10 he helps them confess their sins. However history tells us that Susa … 538-515B.C. Esther Ezra 7-10. What principles can we learn from this? 1. Introduction: Where have you gone on a vacation? 08/18/16 Overview of the 3 Books Ezra 1-6 Restorationunder Zerubbabel. While serving the king in his palace at Shushan (discovered, excavated and known today as Susa), Nehemiah received word from his brother Hanani, who had just returned from visiting Jerusalem. Nehemiah 7:1-2. The books of Ezra and Nehemiah (one book-in the Hebrew Bible) trace the story of the return of the people of God to the land of Israel after the 70-year captivity in Babylon. Now it happened in the month of () Chislev, () in the twentieth year, as I was in () Susa the citadel, 2 that () Hanani, one of my brothers, came with certain men from Judah. Susa, and was cup-bearer to the king, working in the royal palace. As everything in Jerusalem is saturated with spiritual meaning, what does this state of affairs say about the spiritual condition of Judah? Susa was one of several Persian capitals, located 161 kilometres north of the Persian Gulf. Scholars differ as to the chronological order of the books, some maintaining that the events of Nehemiah occur before those of Ezra. 3 Most probably, when Nehemiah heard about the arrival of his brothers from Jerusalem he immediately went to meet them and ask questions about the Jewish remnant who survived the exile, and also about Jerusalem (Nehemiah 1:2). The ancient city was also known as Susa, the name Shushan deriving from the Persian word Shush, the Hebrew variant of which is Shushān. Who was Nehemiah? (The previous chapter on Ezra describes the earlier two returns.) Notes. 457B.C. Jerusalem had been conquered and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC and Nehemiah finds it still in ruins. What is the situation back in Jerusalem and how did it get this way? Why does Nehemiah … We do not know if Nehemiah followed the king everywhere he went as part of a security entourage or if He was simply designated to the city of Susa to protect the kings drinking goblets. What kind of temptations and challenges may have faced Nehemiah in the King's court? Yes. 1 The words of () Nehemiah the son of Hacaliah. The Reverend Bryn MacPhail / November 12, 2006 Some of you here today have been with me for, what is now, 8 sermons and 6 chapters from Nehemiah. At his own request Nehemiah is sent to Jerusalem as governor of Yehud, the official Persian name for Judah. Later that year, Nehemiah traveled to Israel, leading the third of three returns by the Jewish people following their seventy years of exile in Babylon. Nehemiah was a Jewish cupbearer to a king named Artaxerxes, who reigned from the city of Susa in what is today's Iran. Nehemiah is already serving in arguably the highest position any Jew in that day could aspire to hold. Nehemiah lived in Shushan, or Susa, one of the three royal cities of the Persian Empire. The book of Nehemiah opens in the Persian city of Susa in the year 444 BC. Nehemiah sent to Jerusalem, Nehemiah encourages the people to rebuild the walls Nehemiah Chapter 2 Nehemiah 2:1 "And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, [that] wine [was] before him: and I took up the wine, and gave [it] unto the king. Nehemiah 1 - Determining Root Problems. Nehemiah had been the cupbearer to the king of Persia. Nehemiah had come to Jerusalem from Susa with a single-minded objective: to rebuild the massive but ruined wall of Jerusalem. Cross-references. Susa was the winter capital of the Persian empire, located about 150. Susa is also mentioned in the Ketuvim of the Hebrew Bible by the name Shushan, mainly in Esther, but also once each in Nehemiah and Daniel. Then, in v.11, we discover why Nehemiah is praying so earnestly for the Lord to hear his plea and release him to serve in Jerusalem. Most of the book centers on events in Jerusalem. Why is Nehemiah in Susa, and where is Susa anyway? Ninevah Assur. Mayor of Jerusalem-- his brother Hanani, who had first brought word of Jerusalem's problems to Nehemiah while in Susa (Nehemiah 1:2-3). Because he knew and loved Yahweh and Yahweh’s people. This means, when Nehemiah returns, he has to start from square one. approached Nehemiah and many of the exiles of Judah were still in the Persian city of Susa, out in the eastern reaches of present day Iraq. I asked them concerning the Jews - Josephus gives a probable account of this business: "Nehemiah, being somewhere out of Susa, seeing some strangers, and hearing them converse in the Hebrew tongue, he went near; and finding they were Jews from Jerusalem, he asked them how matters went with their brethren in that city, and what was their state?" We would naturally assume that because he held a high position as the king's own cupbearer, he would be comfortable where he is. Report from Jerusalem. Nehemiah leaves the comfortable refuge of Susa, a winter retreat for Persian kings, out of concern for God’s people. Once the project was accomplished, the king expected Nehemiah to return to Susa. As governor of the province of Judah with. Nehemiah 6:1-16. The book of Nehemiah opens in the Persian city of Susa in the year 444 BC. That he may give me timber for the gates — The gates of the temple. And the Old Testament book of Nehemiah records how Nehemiah completed that massive project in record time — just 52 days. Nehemiah sets the time as being about 445 BC - the twentieth year of Artaxerxes I's reign. To top it all off, Israel’s enemies aren’t too keen about their return, and continually taunt and threaten Nehemiah, to prevent him from completing his project. Susa “was the major city of Elam, the area of southwestern Iran.” In chapter 2, Nehemiah tells us he was a cupbearer for the king of Persia. He also confronts the wealthy and influential citizens of Jerusalem and calls them to account for exacting interest from the common people. [4] Since Artaxerxes took over in 465 BC, this would place the beginning of Nehemiah in 445 BC. Esther 4:11, 5:1-3 – This type of rule in the king’s court is likely why Nehemiah was afraid. The capital of the empire is at Susa. Why Nehemiah? Adam Clarke Commentary. 58 year gap. People. Nehemiah 1 New International Version Nehemiah’s Prayer 1 The words of Nehemiah son of Hakaliah: In the month of Kislev in the twentieth year, while I was in the citadel of Susa, 2 Hanani, one of my brothers, came from Judah with some other men, and I questioned them about the Jewish remnant that had survived the exile, and also about Jerusalem. Nehemiah is employed in a very unique role. This fortress or citadel seems to have been located adjacent to the temple (Nehemiah 2:8), perhaps the Tower of Hananel (Nehemiah 3:1). Nehemiah had just completed a trip from Susa, the capital of Persia, to Jerusalem. 3. I gave my brother Hanani — Of whom see Nehemiah 1:1-2. Allegations that Nehemiah was fortifying the city so that he might be made king would seriously violate the Persian king’s trust, if not create a war. Matthew 7:7-12 – Ask, seek, knock. Considering this, how long did it take Nehemiah to travel from Susa to Jerusalem? As the pivotal year of 445 B.C. The first chapter of the Book of Nehemiah introduces the book bearing his name as a resident of Susa, the capital of the Persian Empire. And I asked them concerning the Jews who escaped, who had survived the exile, and concerning Jerusalem. In the 20th year of King Artaxerxes I of Persia (c. 445 B.C. Nehemiah 1 (Nehemiah in Susa) (1:1) The month of Chislev was between November and December. Susa was southeast of Baghdad and nearly 1000 miles from Jerusalem. The bible is clear that, despite any decree, no Jews did return .. Nehemiah did just that! Our story began in the Persian fortress city of Susa with Nehemiah serving as cupbearer to King Artaxerxes. Why? onsider what his life and circumstances may have been like? ... he never would have left the king’s side in Susa. ... Read Nehemiah 2.11-20 Why do you think Nehemiah surveyed the scene in Jerusalem under the cover of darkness? Why was the Jewish Nehemiah in Susa, Persia instead of living in Jerusalem? He was beset by obstacles. The Persians had governed that part of the world for nearly a century. Nehemiah 2:7-8. (The previous chapter on Ezra describes the earlier two returns.) Temple Prophets: Haggai&Zechariah 1streturn (about 50,000 or 2%) Reformation underEzra. They’ve burned the buildings, the stones, the foundations (Nehemiah 4:2), and it looks bleak. 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